Conversations with Dr. Sakai Kazunari on Japanese security (concluding remarks on Japanese Security)

Avui realitzem una quarta i darrera entrega de les proposades al nostre convidat del semestre: el doctor Sakai Kazunari,  professor a la Universitat de Kobe i expert en temes de Relacions Internacionals i Integració Euroepa. El professor Sakai ens parla, en aquesta ocasió, sobre la seva visió de conjunt sobre les qüestions territorials que afecten al Japón

Perspectives on the territorial issues surrounding Japan

 Dr. Lluc López i Vidal: Dr. Sakai, thank you so much for all your comments on the issue. Now some last questions. What can Japan get from the territories in dispute?

 

Dr. Sakai Kazunari

Dr. Sakai Kazunari

Dr. Sakai Kazunari: Japan faces many territorial disputes with neighbouring countries over Senkaku Islands, Takeshima and Kuril Islands; the points are energy resources and fishing right in the area around the islands, over which nationalism twines. Speaking from a macro point of view, it takes root a need to pursuit foreign authority of the sovereign state. China, Korea and Russia, all of them, will never concede its territory. This is a sovereign question and domestic voices in each country never permit a scenario which destroys their sovereignty.

Military powers in East Asia

Military powers in East Asia

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Conversations with Dr. Sakai Kazunari on Japanese security (Kurils Islands)

Continuem avui amb una nova entrega de les quatre proposades al nostre convidat del semestre: el doctor Sakai Kazunari,  professor a la Universitat de Kobe i expert en temes de Relacions Internacionals i Integració Euroepa. El professor Sakai ens parla, en aquesta ocasió, sobre la seva visió del conflicte amb amb Rússia per les Illes Kurils.

gracheva-photo-irina.n

Kurils Islands



Dr Lluc López i Vidal: It is a pleasure to meet you again. Now, what are the basic points of the dispute?

Dr. Sakai Kazunari

Dr. Sakai Kazunari


Dr. Kazunari Sakai: The Japanese possession of the south Kuril Islands (Etorofu, Kunashiri, Shikotan and Habomai) was determined in 1855 in the Treaty of Shimoda between Japan and Russia. However, the Soviet Union’s declaration of war on Japan (9 August 1945) and the Japanese acceptance of the Potsdam Declaration (14 August 1945) created a Japan-Russian opposition still existing today.  
According to the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Soviet Union continued hostilities from August 28 until September 5, illegally taking possession of the south Kuril Islands.
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Conversations with Dr. Sakai Kazunari on Japanese security (Takeshima)

Continuem avui una nova entrega de les entrades que realitzarem al nostre convidat del semestre: el doctor Sakai Kazunari, professor a la Universitat de Kobe i expert en temes de Relacions Internacionals. El professor Sakai ens parlarà en aquesta ocasió sobre el conflicte amb Corea del Sud per l’Illa de Takeshima.

Donem la benvingua de nou al professor Dr. Sakai

Dr. Sakai

Dr. Lluc López i Vidal: Dr. Sakai, today we would like to talk about the Takeshima dispute. It seems to be a revival of the Takeshima Dispute.

Dr. Sakai: Yes, it is. On 10 August 2012, South Korean president Lee Myung-bak landed by helicopter on Takeshima (Korean: Dokdo) to reinforce the country’s claim to the islands as South Korean territory. Although historical and territorial disputes concerning the islands have frequently punctuated Japanese-South Korean relations until this time, the president’s visit to Takeshima was unprecedented. Previously, the trip to the island had been considered a “forbidden move in the game of diplomacy” . In reaction, the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs immediately released a strong criticism of Lee’s landing on Takeshima, and undertook diplomatic measures by temporarily recalling Japan’s ambassador to Korea. It also resulted in a postponement of both economic cooperation and the two states’ Defense Exchange Program.

Takeshima Islands (?? in Japanese and ??, dokdo in Korean)

Dr. Lluc López i Vidal: In what ways do the Japanese and South Korean claims on Takeshima differ?

According to the Japanese position, the on-going possession of Takeshima has been established through to the middle of the seventeenth century at the latest. Japan assumed the islands did not belong to any other country and thus took formal possession of it in accordance with international law. In 1905 a cabinet decision incorporated the islands into Shimane prefecture and, by doing so, reconfirmed its possession (Asahi Shinbun, 1 November 2012). According to Japan furthermore, Korea’s independence was regulated by the 1951 Treaty of San Francisco. The treaty stipulated which areas Japan were to abandon its rights as follows; “Korea which contains Jejudo, Geomundo as well as Ulleungdo”. But the fact Takeshima was not written down was used as grounds to claim Takeshima as Japanese territory ( see http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/area/takeshima/gaiyo.html).

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Conversations with Dr. Sakai Kazunari on Japanese security

Encetem avui el que serà una nova entrega de quatre entrades que realitzarem al nostre convidat del semestre: el doctor Sakai Kazunari,  professor a la Universitat de Kobe i expert en temes de Relacions Internacionals. El professor Sakai ens parlarà de la seva visió sobre tres dels conflictes que afecten a la seguretat del Japó: el conflicte amb Xina per les Illes Senkaku, el conflicte amb Corea del Sud per l’Illa de Takeshima, i el conflicte amb Rússia per les Illes Kurils.

Dispute over the Senkaku Islands between Japan and China

Today we will discuss with Professor Sakai Kazunari, Kobe University, about an international conflict that has attracted worldwide attention in the last weeks: Japan-China conflict on the Senkaku Islands.

Dr. Sakai Kazunari

Dr Lluc López i Vidal: Doctor Sakai Kazunari, on behalf of the Open University of Catalonia (Universitat Oberta de Catalunya), thank you very much for this talk. To begin with, Professor Sakai, what is the background of the dispute?

Dr. Sakai Kazunari: The Senkaku Islands, situated in the southwest of the East China Sea, have been dominated in effect by Japan since 1895. After World War II, the Senkaku became a part of Okinawa, a prefecture ruled by the United States of America (USA) and not  reverted to Japan until the Agreement between Japan and the USA in 1971. Nowadays, they are included in Ishigaki city in Okinawa prefecture.

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