Continuem avui una nova entrega de les entrades que realitzarem al nostre convidat del semestre: el doctor Sakai Kazunari, professor a la Universitat de Kobe i expert en temes de Relacions Internacionals. El professor Sakai ens parlarà en aquesta ocasió sobre el conflicte amb Corea del Sud per l’Illa de Takeshima.
Donem la benvingua de nou al professor Dr. Sakai
Dr. Lluc López i Vidal: Dr. Sakai, today we would like to talk about the Takeshima dispute. It seems to be a revival of the Takeshima Dispute.
Dr. Sakai: Yes, it is. On 10 August 2012, South Korean president Lee Myung-bak landed by helicopter on Takeshima (Korean: Dokdo) to reinforce the country’s claim to the islands as South Korean territory. Although historical and territorial disputes concerning the islands have frequently punctuated Japanese-South Korean relations until this time, the president’s visit to Takeshima was unprecedented. Previously, the trip to the island had been considered a “forbidden move in the game of diplomacy” . In reaction, the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs immediately released a strong criticism of Lee’s landing on Takeshima, and undertook diplomatic measures by temporarily recalling Japan’s ambassador to Korea. It also resulted in a postponement of both economic cooperation and the two states’ Defense Exchange Program.
Takeshima Islands (?? in Japanese and ??, dokdo in Korean)
Dr. Lluc López i Vidal: In what ways do the Japanese and South Korean claims on Takeshima differ?
According to the Japanese position, the on-going possession of Takeshima has been established through to the middle of the seventeenth century at the latest. Japan assumed the islands did not belong to any other country and thus took formal possession of it in accordance with international law. In 1905 a cabinet decision incorporated the islands into Shimane prefecture and, by doing so, reconfirmed its possession (Asahi Shinbun, 1 November 2012). According to Japan furthermore, Korea’s independence was regulated by the 1951 Treaty of San Francisco. The treaty stipulated which areas Japan were to abandon its rights as follows; “Korea which contains Jejudo, Geomundo as well as Ulleungdo”. But the fact Takeshima was not written down was used as grounds to claim Takeshima as Japanese territory ( see http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/area/takeshima/gaiyo.html).